Tendentious Editing

This one’s from the 2007-08-26 print of the 新京报 (The Beijing Paper), page B07 in the Global Publications–Uncovering Secrets section. This one is another departure into unexplored translation territory, it’s about everyone’s favorite Wikipedia. Written by Ren Yagang.

Wikipedia’s Chinese entries are currently blocked in China. I can access English ones without any problem, with the exception of a few (like the ‘Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989’ entry). When I try to log onto one of those I get a message saying the connection with the server was reset, and then for a minute or two I still can’t get on to Wikipedia, not any entry at all. But afterwards everything that’s allowed is still allowed. The same thing happens when I try and log onto Chinese entries.

The most annoying thing about this is that I would often use Wikipedia entries to get equivalent translations of certain names or concepts from English to Chinese, but now I just have to google things and hope that one of the results will contain a convenient answer.

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Who’s Distorting Wikipedia Behind the Scenes?


- The CIA’s “Evil Backstage Manipulation”


The United States is where Wikipedia grew up, and it’s also where the “Wikigate” affair first erupted. Recently the English media reported that the “WikiScanner” (an IP address tracking program) revealed that there have been people using CIA and FBI computers to edit Wikipedia articles about the War in Iraq and the Guantanamo detention center.

The edits made using CIA computers include the American military 2003 casualty count in Iraq, former head of the CIA Willam Kolby’s personal achievements, reports about the Guantanamo detention center, and even the picture of Iranian President Ahmadinejad. Furthermore, the “WikiScanner” has also traced people using the federal government’s computers to alter the personal biographies of former U.S. presidents Reagan and Nixon. In some infamous edits by a “username Wahhhhhh”, the table of American casualties in the Iraqi war was changed, and at the same time a vilifying picture of Iranian President Ahmadinejad was put up. According to the “WikiScanner”, the recorded IP address of the computer that these changes came from was from the Central Intelligence Agency. Facing challenges from the media and pressure from the public, the CIA had no choice but to come forth with an explanation, and CIA spokesperson Lituo said that although it cannot now be confirmed that the changes were made by CIA staff, it is true that the people who made the changes used CIA computers.

- The Australian Cabinet is Also Involved

As with many government organizations in America, the Australian cabinet has also been pointed out for making a large number of alterations to Wikipedia, even deleting negative content unfavorable to them. The Australian media revealed that many Australian departments have maliciously altered Wikipedia entries; the ministerial and cabinet departmental organizations made over 126 alterations, altering content touching upon a great deal of sensitive information. The Australian Defense Department was the most frequent editor of Wikipedia content out of the many guilty departments, with edits made to over 5000 Wikipedia articles. Again, with no choice but to respond, on the 23rd the Defense Department said that it has already forbidden its employees from visiting Wikipedia. The Australian government’s “Wikigate” has already provided the opposition party with an opportunity to attack the Howard Administation. Opposition party leader Kevin Rudd has criticized the Prime minister for ordering government employees to revise history, calling such behavior “honestly disgraceful”. Coming before the general elections in November, “Wikigate” has already become a factor that will influence the outcome of the election.

In addition, England’s Labor Party and
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. have also been pointed out for having made alterations in Wikipidia information unfavorable to their own organizations. In order to maintain the Labor Party’s image, one party member deleted all the information that was dangerous to the Labor Party’s interests. And Wal-Mart has also been caught for altering unfavorable information in Wikipedia. One user’s entry had once stated the following information, that “Wal-Mart’s staff salaries are 20% lower than other chain stores”, and not soon after a user on a Wal-Mart computer altered the above information to “Wal-Mart’s average salary is almost twice as high as the federal minimum wage”.

- The “Scanner” Tracks and Follows Clues

Wikipedia’s ability to investigate the behind the scenes manipulators owes its success to 24 year old Virgil Griffith, a researcher at the California Institute of Technology. He developed the “WikiScanner” tracking program, which can trace every alteration operation back to the IP address, and which sets up a database which looks at the statistical data and can discover which IP addresses consistently alter which entries.

The development of Griffith’s “WikiScanner” came from a chance idea. In 2006, after the scandal in which the distortion of Wikipedia entries by U.S. Congressional Offices was exposed, out of curiosity Griffith thought, other government organizations and a few large companies are probably changing related articles for their personal gain. He thereupon developed software that could track the IP addresses of editors. Because Wikipedia allows anyone to freely change entries they’re interested in, when users edit content there is a record made that includes the IP address, the article that was changed, the revised information, and so on. This information is all recorded by Wikipedia’s servers. Even if a few people use fake names to change entries, their IP addresses are still recorded in the servers, so Griffith downloaded Wikipedia’s editing record. After contrasting entries’ editing records with the editor’s IP addresses, Griffith discovered that Wikipedia had a total of 2.6 million users who edited 34 million entries, and surprisingly among the editors’ IP addresses were those of Sony, Wal-Mart, The U.S. Homeland Security department, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation among others.

- The “Wiki” Issues a Warning

The release of “WikiScanner” has influenced Wikipedia’s free editing practice, and has also frightened malicious alterers of Wikipedia entries. According to reports, “WikiScanner” has already discovered a large number of anonymous users who have altered Wikipedia entries using computers linked to government agencies. The entries include articles ranging from 1980s cartoons to those about current politics, and they were altered in ways that were found displeasing to people. After “WikiScanner” exposed the malicious editing scandal, the Wikipedia website spokesperson stated that these editing operations probably violate Wikipedia’s conflict-of-interest policies. Wikipedia creator Jimmy Wales sternly admonished, “Recently everyone has become aware of your (the few government organizations and private business groups) malicious editing of entries, so we are warning you to immediately stop these types of actions.” Wales said, “Free editing is one of the founding principles of Wikipedia, we will not abandon free editing. But this is not the only principle, and we do not operate without any flexibility.”

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Under the section heading - “Observations”:

Can Wikipedia Still Be Freely Edited?


- Scholars suggest that the government establish legal guidelines to increase supervision.

Wikipedia was founded in January of 2001, and today it already has 1.9 million English entries, and every day 10 million users log in the website to browse for information; it is the main source of information on the internet. But only recently has the public come to know who has been revising the information it searches for. And if the malicious alterations force it to change its editing policies, will Wikipedia be able to maintain its free editing?

China’s People’s University Public Opinion Research Institute head Yu Guoming said, that Wikipedia is an internet encyclopedia, and the free editing policy has let it accumulate a large amount of information and users, and it could be said that it is the foundation of its development. According to Wikipedia’s free editing guidelines, a user only needs to register and log in, and is then able to make edits to any entry they are interested in. But the users’ powers of free editing are limited; they can not violate Wikipedia’s guidelines and policies, and at the same time they are not allowed to injure the interests of others. When the average user edits entries, they all respect these rules, but with regards to government organizations or large corporate groups, the situation is entirely different. Because these types of organizations hold background manipulation technologies, they are able to easily break through Wikipedia’s technological barriers, and then at their own whim alter or delete entries which contain information detrimental to themselves. This type of action is considered malicious editing.

Yu Guoming said, that if the government doesn’t establish clear legal principles, then it may be that public organizations and business groups, if they don’t strictly abide by the rules, will continue with this malicious editing. “This malicious editing occurs very often, and what was revealed of it this time is only the tip of the iceberg. Wikipedia is for-profit company, and in the website’s open environment it is not possible for the company to supervise all the editing that’s going on; moreover, when it comes to the public organizations and business groups that have the technology, Wikipedia has no way to completely lock them out and stop their ‘invasion’.”




Translator’s notes:
- ‘Scenes’ is one of those words that looks like it’s really not a real world at all, or should be pronounced differently at least.
- Haha, I’m sorry, my dictionary translates “黑手” (literally ‘black hand’) as “evil backstage manipulator”. For instance, 黑手党 (literally ‘black hand party’) is the translation for Mafia. But evil backstage manipulator is too good of a phrase to pass up.
- Okay, from now on I’m just not even going to try and translate spokespeople’s names. They’re obviously much less important than I thought.
- The ‘Observation’ section seems really silly to me. Maybe the guy doesn’t get the point about Wikipedia. I’m assuming the ‘for-profit company’ bit is a misprint, because Wikipedia is non-profit, and I have no idea why he’s saying big corporations and big business have the “technology to get through Wikipedia’s technological barriers”. There aren’t any technological blocks in place. The only technology they need is a computer with an internet connection, a keyboard, and a monitor. Maybe if the guy actually got to use Wikipedia he’d have a better idea of what he’s talking about.
- I’m really glad Wikipedia stood up to the Chinese government and refused to self-censor. It’s such a weird untenable position for the Communist Party to hold, I mean the foremost source of free information in the rest of the world, and 1.3 billion people (well, however many hundred million internet users) aren’t privy to it, unless they can read English fine.

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One Step Forward

This is from the 2007-8-25 print of the 新京报 (The Beijing Paper), on page A22 in the International News–Middle East, Americas, and Africa section. This one’s about the report on Iraq that came out recently in the States.

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American Report Says Political Resolution in Iraq is Uncertain

- Armed Iraqi forces still have the ability to wage war on a large scope; the Maliki administration cannot be replaced.

On August 23 the U.S. intelligence department released an assessment report on the the situation in Iraq which said that America has already made definite developments in military affairs, but political progress is still at a standstill, and the power of the Iraqi government’s leaders is worrying.

- The Iraqi Military Doesn’t Have Enough Power to Stand on It’s Own

This U.S. Intelligence Estimate, entitled “Iraq’s Prospects for Stability: Some Improvements but Political Resolution is Uncertain”, is formulated from 16 American intelligence organizations, including the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense intelligence organization, and the intelligence agencies of every branch of the U.S. military.

The report said the America has achieved definite progress in Iraqi military affairs. For example, the American military has encouraged the Iraqi government to incorporate Sunni armed personnel into their own forces, and the effort to achieve a ceasefire with armed Sunni forces has already achieved preliminary results, and in a few areas armed Sunni personal are already attacking “al-Qaeda” organizations. The report further points out that if the American military continues to maintain its strict policies, and at the same time continues to train Iraqi police forces, the the Iraqi security situation will make “moderate headway” within six to twelve months.

The report also says that al-Qaeda and other armed organizations still attempt to and have the ability to carry out large scale attacks, while the Iraqi security forces are clearly not strong enough to independently wage war. When they cooperate with American forces in battle they are “passable”, but if once they lose the support of the American military or other outside support, then their fighting ability suffers a “large detraction”.

- Almost No Improvement in Political Progress

Directed at Iraqi political progress, the report expresses deep worry, and intensely questions the power of the Iraqi government’s leaders. The New York Times, citing a U.S. congressman, reported that the political progress in Iraq “until today still has not achieved any progress”, and “the possibility of achieving any future political gains is equally pessimistic.

The report forecasts that because of criticism from the Shi’a factions and its leader, the Grand Ayatollah Husaini al-Sistani, the Sunni factions, and the Kurdish members of government, the Iraqi government in the next six to twelve months will become even more unstable. Furthermore, even though the Maliki’s actions to push for political resolution have no power, there is no way to replace him.

Citing a government official, the Associated Press reports that there is no discussion in the White House about needing to change the Iraqi leadership, because the White House believes that anyone would have to face the same problems that Maliki is currently facing.

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Under the heading ‘Analysis’:

Both Sending and Withdrawing Troops Are Reasonable

An Associated Press article said the White House will probably use the report to support the argument to continue stationing troops in Iraq.

The report warns that reducing the strength of the American military in Iraq will cause the security situation in Iraq to backpedal. This fits exactly with the White House’s oppostion to withdrawing the military. In January of this year Bush decided to send more troops to Iraq, insisting that this move was aimed at increasing security in Iraq.

Democratic party leader Harry Reid said, that this report also proves that Bush’s strategy to add more troops has already failed. “Our military has already gotten caught in Iraq’s civil war, and the President’s strategy to send more troops has still failed to achieve the political results that he promised,” Reid said, “If we continue to maintain the President’s flawed strategy, then every day we wont have any real security.”


Translator’s notes:
- Nouri Kamel Mohammed Hassan al-Maliki is the current Prime Minister of the Iraqi government.
- In the first paragraph, the Chinese doesn’t say whether the government’s leader’s power is worrying, or their lack of power is worrying. I would assume the latter, but I’m going with the literal translation for now. Edit: Lack of power.
- Haha, ever since I’ve been following the news about the Middle East in the Chinese papers I keep seeing references to “base” organizations or “base” groups, and it’s confused the hell out of me. Turns out it’s a semantic translation, because “al-Qaeda” means “The Base”. Case closed.
- The Analysis’ title is much catchier in Chinese, literally “Add Soldiers Withdraw Army Each Has Reason”
- Recently the amount of military news about Russia has also been on par with that about the US, but I haven’t been reading the content at all, I wonder what they say about them? I feel like translating articles actually takes a lot of my time away from reading others!

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Goloden Kak Volf

This article is from the 2007-08-24 print of the Beijing Paper (新京报), on page A28 under the International News - Middle East, America, and Africa section (they pick really weird groupings of continents for this paper). It’s a short article about American military affairs, with an additional little background blurb. The authors are Yang Qingquan and Pan Yunzhao, and this is from a Xinhua Press release.

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US Military Plans to Move the “Wolf’s Den” to the Surface

- The anti-missile core command organization will be moved out from underground; the purpose is to integrate resources.

In an August 22 media report, despite opposition from some Congressmen, the US military decided to move its aerospace and anti-missile defense core command structure, known as the “Wolf’s Den”, out of it’s Cheyenne Mountain Operation center. It will move the command center, located deep underneath Colorado’s Cheyenne Mountain, to surface facilities in Peterson Air Force Base, located 19 kilometers away.

In charge of the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center, and the commander of both the North American Air Defense Command and the Northern Command, Leiniuete said that although moving this well-guarded subterranean defense center to the surface will decease its security, it will merge the scattered command structures of the Cheyenne Mountain deep subterranean command post and the Peterson Air Force Base command post, optimizing the use of resources. This will allow American military leaders to receive information more quickly and promptly mount a response in the case of a surprise attack on American soil.

But the moving plan has met with some opposition from American military specialists. They assert that with Russia now putting her long range strategic bombers back on flight status, and with the tense relationship between America and Russia, moving the Air Defense and Anti-Missile Operation’s core control organization out of the well protected underground command post is not a wise move. A few congressmen have gone so far as to threatening to halt the allocation of funds for the building of the Peterson Air Force Base command post.

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The second part was under the heading “Uncovering Secrets”:

Cheyenne Mountain Operation Center

In 1966 the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center was officially consigned for use, and is today the central command center of the US North American Aerospace Defense Command, the US Air Force Space Command, the US Strategic Command, and the US Northern Command. Together they have the heavy responsibilities of aerospace defense, missile defense, and homeland defense, and this place is known in America as the “Wolf’s Den”. It would serve as America’s last shelter in the case of nuclear war, and is also known as the sturdiest command center in the world.

The command post is located over 400 meters underground, and is covered by granite about 380 meters thick, and is able to withstand even the power of a high yield atomic explosion. The stocks of food, water, and energy inside are enough to maintain 800 people for 30 continuous days of work.



Translator’s notes:
- The Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center is actually now known as the Cheyenne Mountain Directorate. Apparently a lot of its functions have already been moved to Peterson Air Force Base.
- I can’t find the name of the general.
- All I want to know is what are they going to do with the Stargate and the SkyNet AI mainframe!!!

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Touchdown!

I guess I lied about the three articles yesterday! Well, here’s another two. This article is from the 2007-08-23 print of the 新京报, the Beijing Paper. Not too many America related articles in the International section, this one was from Miscellany. I decided that since I translated the setting off article, I might as well finish off with the returning home. This one is a Xinhua Press piece, the author being Deng Yushan.

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An Injured “Endeavor” Returns Home Safely

- Returning home before schedule to avoid the hurricane; NASA temporarily halts all flight plans.

On August 20 12:32 EST (August 22 00:32 Beijing Time) the United States space shuttle Endeavor safely touched down at the Kennedy Space Center. Although the damage on the belly of the Endeavor did not have any effect on the return home, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration decided to temporarily stop any further shuttle launches until the problem of the outer fuel tank’s foam material falling off is resolved.

The 6 Astronauts are in Good Condition

After the Endeavor safely touched down on the 21st, the 6 astronauts were in good condition, but the female teacher Morgan still hadn’t acclimated to the effects of gravity, and was temporarily unable to stand up and move about. NASA head Michael Griffin said that she’s in fair condition, and she just feels “a little unwell”. The Ground Control Center joked with Kelly, asking him if he wanted to turn the shuttle around and take another trip into space. He replied, “First let us rest for the weekend, and then ask us again on Monday.”

Because of worry about the effect of hurricane “Dean” in the Atlantic, NASA decided on the 18th that the Endeavor would return home a day early. Because of this the Endeavor separated from the space station on the 19th, and foregoing the custom of circling the space station several times to “say farewell”, headed directly for earth after the separation procedure.

Two Flight Plans Within the Year Have Been Cancelled

After the Endeavor’s successful return home, although the safety concerns triggered by the shuttle’s belly injury vanished into thin air, the problem with the exterior fuel tank shedding foam material still troubles NASA.

After the Endeavor safely touched down on the 21, NASA employess quickly gathered at the side of the shuttle to examine the damaged insulation panel more closely, and there were a few staff members taking pictures. William Gerstenmaier, the Deputy Director responsible for the space exploration program said that the damage looked only slightly worse than it did in orbit. “A work team is going to remove those insulation panels, and insure that there isn’t any damage to the material underneath”, Gerstenmaier said.

And according to an introduction by Wayne Hale, the manager of NASA’s space shuttle program, NASA will temporarily suspend all shuttle launches until the foam material problem is resolved. NASA had originally planned to carry out shuttle missions in October and December of this year.


Translator’s notes:
- Scott Kelly, the pilot of the Endeavor this time around, must be well known in China, or the writer just forgot to introduce who he is.
- Ahhh! Chinese names are so frustrating. I’m tempted to just leave everything in pinyin.
- Nothing much to say, I should find some articles on China’s own space program, and see how that’s going, I haven’t heard from them in a while, aside from their plans with Russia. I guess it’s being overshadowed by the 2008 Olympics for the moment!

Comments/corrections welcome.

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What's Going On?

This article is from the 2007-08-22 print of the Beijing Paper (新京报), on page A32 under the International News–Military Affairs section. It was written by a Zhang Le.

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The United States Will Train Abbas’ Security Forces This Fall

- This is the first time the US State Department will start training for Palestinian military personnel; the details of the program have yet to be released.

On August 19 the US State Department made an announcement that its plan is to begin cooperative training with Abbas’ security forces in the fall of this year, which indicates its support for the Palestinian National Authority Chairman Abbas.

In this year, Hamas’ armed activities have become increasingly frequent. Particularly since the beginning of June, when Hamas, by means of armed force, actually took control of the Gaza Strip, and their frequent conflicts with armed forces loyal to Abbas’ Palestinian transitional government. Under these circumstances, America beginning to consider supporting Abbas will thereby isolate Hamas.

America Will Train and Guide for Half a Year

According to reports, the US State Department’s Bureau of Diplomatic Security will be mainly responsible for implementing the plan to train Palestinian security forces, and this is only “part of a series of programs”. However, corresponding announcements didn’t reveal whether or not the American and Palestinian governments have any other training programs that would be unsuitable to announce to the public.

An announcement issued by the State Department said that Abbas’ security forces will receive training from American forces for half a year, from about the autumn of 2007 straight through the beginning of 2008. According to an introduction, the main purpose of this cooperative training is “very clear”. It will be to help the Palestinian government, especially by training Abbas’ security forces to provide necessary and sufficient security for the Palestinian National Authority. America’s basic consideration is still to guarantee Abbas’ safety.

This announcement also stated that after Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip, forces loyal to Abbas have constantly been in a confrontational position with Hamas’ armed personnel, and the Palestinian government worries that Abbas’s security is threatened. Although Hamas has indicated that it will not initiate any attacks against Abbas himself, the calls within the government to strengthen Abbas’ security forces have been loud. This training program will “provide security for the Palestinian people, oppose terrorism, build trust between the factions, and will at the same time help to fulfill the safety requirements between the state of Palestine and Israel.”

There Are Many Choices for Training Sites

It is reported that the US State Department often carries out military training for a small number of “friendly” foreign militaries. However, announcements about the Abbas training have been very “conservative”, and have not yet made public a few key points of content: in the half year of cooperative training, which types of training programs the American side plans to provide for Abbas’ security forces, and which methods will be employed to improve their combat effectiveness and their ability to defend Abbas and the Palestinian government.

A military source on the Palestinian side has said that there are many choices for a site where Abbas’ security forces will receive American training, and one of them is Abbas’ security forces’s Jielike Training Camp. This military source revealed that this is the US State Department’s first time developing military training for the Palestinian security personnel, and is also the first time since the 1990s that American security staff have directly “commanded” Palestinian security forces.



Translator’s notes:
- I can’t find the name of that training camp.
- I don’t know what they mean by help “fulfill the safety requirements between the state of Palestine and Israel.”
- Let’s see if this comes back to kick us in the ass a decade or so down the line.
- And wow, I didn’t realize how little I knew about Palestine and the the current situation. I had translated the entire article thinking Abbas was a faction, when he’s actually the President and member of the Fatah party, the party name was never mentioned. And these security forces are actually just his Presidential Guard! What a crazy place. I was recently getting my hair cut, and in the salon a little boy, I guess a family member of one of the hairdressers, asked me if it was true about the Korean hostages in Afghanistan, he’d saw a news story recently. And I said yeah, and luckily had happened to be following the story. And the guy cutting my hair says something to the effect of, “Why does this stuff happen in the world? Nothing like this ever happens in China!” Ah China, heaven on earth.

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Three Way

From the 2007-08-21 print of the Beijing Paper (新京报), on page A23 in the International News-Headlines section. The article was written by Wu Ni. I was a little busy yesterday and the day before and did not have a chance to get to a 网吧 to update my blog, so there will be three articles today.

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The North American Summit Holds a Wide-ranging Discussion About “Economic Prosperity”

- Analysts say the summit shows that America longs to intensify relations with its neighboring countries.

On the 20th, American President Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Harper, and Mexican President Calderon began a two day summit in Montebello, a city in the western part of the Canadian province of Quebec. This summit will revolve around the main topic of “economic prosperity”, and the issues to be discussed are border safety, promoting competitive power against India and China, energy sources, the environment, and food safety.

Actively Promoting a Free Market Economy

America, Canada, and Mexico are attending this summit because of their status as “North American Free Trade Association member countries”, the intention being to promote their “partnership for security and prosperity”. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, in 2005 America united with Canada and Mexico to promote this plan, in the hopes that this partnership would strengthen cooperation in trade and security. It’s preticted that this “partnership for security and prosperity” will be brought into the agenda of this summit.

The leaders of the three countries are all considered new conservatives, and are all supporters of a free market economy. Bush’s former Under Secretary of State Nuolijia said, “Mexico and Canada have nicely presented two moderate right wing leaders, and they have many views in common with Bush.” It may also be on the agenda to explore how to join together and deal with Venezuelan President Chavez, because Chavez is actively promoting a turn towards the “left” in South America.

Will Discuss the Chinese Toy Problem

The summit’s issues include global competition, food and product safety, energy sources, the environment, and others, and the Chinese toy problem will also be within the scope of the discussion.

Border safety is going to be the most important issue of the summit. According to an August 19 report made by the Canadian media, the leaders of the three countries will issue a joint statement at this summit, establishing a detailed procedure for opening the borders, and determining how to guarantee keeping the three countries’ borders both secure and open in the case of another terrorist incident like 9/11.

Border economic security will be another important point to be discussed. The Canadian ambassador to the United States, Michael Wilson, indicated that a major intention will be to move this three year old project forward, and find a balance between “border safety” and the “free flow of people, goods, and investments”. This type of free movement is a key element that will make the three nations stronger and increase the competitive power of the world’s primary economic powerhouse.

It Will Be Difficult to Get Positive Results from this Summit

Christopher Sangzi, a specialist at Canada’s Strategy and International Problems Research Center, thinks that the summit will not achieve many gains, and will only make clear that America now wants to intensify relations with its neighbors. “The message America wants to communicate to Canada and Mexico is that even though Iraq and the War against Terror are the main points of United States foreign policy, America still wishes to spend time and effort to improve relationships with its neighbors.”

Translator’s notes:
- Not sure who the “Deputy Secretary of State Nuolijia” is. The State Department has Deputy Secretaries, none of whose names seem to fit, and then Under Secretaries, a ton of them, and I’m not going to look for a matching one.
- Also not sure what the Canadian Strategy and International Problems Research Center is, so I can find that guy’s name either.
- Fairly straightforward article. I thought the author was strangely mute about the poisonous toy problem, highlighting it yet giving it only brief mention, but I suppose that’s not something China wants to talk about all that much. Otherwise the article was fairly neutral.
- Although I am for the idea of a single North American nation, I can imagine the difficulties that would be involved in terms of culture, bureaucracy, language, etc., and I’m not even that knowledgeable about the inner workings of the governments of Canada and Mexico. Exactly how such a Union would be formed is an interesting idea, I’m sure that plenty of people have done research on this, I’ll look it up at some point.
- Oh yeah, almost forgot, the accompanying picture for this article was a lot of protesters standing behind a line of policemen.

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